The European Community is facing an exponential increase in transnational organized crime (T.O.C.) characterised by the fact that carrying out a criminal activity in one country generates negative effects on many other countries. Illegal pet trade is a classic example of this criminal phenomenon that generates a huge business with high economic profits.

According to the Decision 1082/2013/UE of the European Parliament and of the Council on serious cross-border threats to health, preparedness and response planning is an essential element for effective monitoring, early warning of and combating serious cross-border threats to health. 

Mountain Range


The core of the best practice is represented by the development of a formal cooperation agreement

among the main actors involved in tackling Transnational Organised Crime (TOC) related to the illegal animal trade, i.e. Justice, Veterinary Public Health and Law enforcements on the two sides of the border.

The Public Entities involved are Procura della Repubblica di Udine and Staatsanwaltschaft Klagenfurt, Veterinary Services of Friuli Venezia Giulia Region and Land Kärnten, Polizia Italiana and Austrian Polizei. The Bio-crime Centre has an office inside the International Police Cooperation Centre (IPCC) of Thörl-Maglern and two local units at the Central Veterinary Directions of Friuli Venezia Giulia Region in Trieste (Italy) and Land Kärnten in Klagenfurt (Austria).

This model can be easily replicated on a European scale because the IPCC, Justice and Health infrastructures already exist. It is only a matter of increasing cooperation simultaneously on the two sides of each border. 


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