The “Bio-crime model” of cross-border cooperation among Veterinary Public Health, Justice, 
Law Enforcements and Customs to tackle the Illegal Animal Trade / Bio-terrorism and to prevent the spread of Zoonotic Diseases among Human Population 


Paolo Zucca1,17*, Marie-Christin Rossmann2,17, Jorge E. Osorio3, Kevin Karem4, Paola De Benedictis5, Josef Haißl6, Paola De Franceschi7, Elisa Calligaris7, Michaela Kohlweiß8, Giulio Meddi9, Wolfgang Gabrutsch8, Horst Mairitsch10, Oronzo Greco11, Roberto Furlani11, Marcello Maggio12, Massimiliano Tolomei13, Alessandro Bremini1,17, Ingrid Fischinger2,17, Paolo Zambotto14, Peter Wagner15, Yvonne Millard16, Manlio Palei1, Gianna Zamaro1

Standard Operation Procedures

Performances indicators of cooperation

Mountain Range


The core of the best practice is represented by the development of a formal cooperation agreement

among the main actors involved in tackling Transnational Organised Crime (TOC) related to the illegal animal trade and spreading of zoonotic diseases, i.e. Justice, Veterinary Public Health and Law enforcements on the two sides of the border.

The Public Entities involved are Procura della Repubblica di Udine and Staatsanwaltschaft Klagenfurt, Veterinary Services of Friuli Venezia Giulia Region and Land Kärnten, Polizia Italiana and Austrian Polizei. The Bio-crime Centre has an office inside the International Police Cooperation Centre (IPCC) of Thörl-Maglern and two local units at the Central Veterinary Directions of Friuli Venezia Giulia Region in Trieste (Italy) and Land Kärnten in Klagenfurt (Austria).

This model can be easily replicated and scaled up on a European dimension because the IPCC, Justice and Health infrastructures already exist. It is only a matter of increasing cooperation simultaneously on the sides of each border.